Calibration Resistance

### calibration Resistance

There are two types of calibrations applicable to PRTs—characterization and tolerance testing. The type of calibration to perform is determined by the way in which the UUT is to be used and the accuracy required by the user. In the laboratory and depending upon customer’s needs, it is required to perform both tests. PRT calibration procedures are similar whether the method selected is characterization or tolerance testing, but knowing what procedure to take can be tricky.

How do you interpret a calibration report listing resistance ratio's and inverse differences? The resistance ratio is the ratio of the resistance of the thermometer at some temperature (t) to the resistance of the thermometer at the ice point (t0). Example:
If the resistance of a platinum resistance thermometer is 25.51548 ohms at the ice point, what is the temperature when its resistance is 26.53035?

The Resistance ratio (RR) is expressed as:

RR= RT / RO
The resistance ratio is found as follows:
26.53035 / 25.51548
RR= 1.03977467

The table indicates that this ratio corresponds to + 10°C.

 SAMPLE PRT TABLE Ro = 25.51548 ohms Temp Resistance Ratio Inverse Difference 0°C .9999601 10°C 1.03977467 251.5103

The inverse difference column is provided as an aid to interpolation. The inverse difference listed in the table is the reciprocal of the difference between the resistance ratios at that temperature and the next lower temperature. If the resistance ratio (RR) does not result in a whole number on the temperature scale, linear interpolation may be used to find the temperature using the following expression:
t = t2 +[(RR - RR2) x ID]
where:
t = the measurement temperature
t2 = the lower of the two temperatures in the table which bracket the resistance ratio computed
RR = the resistance ratio computed in the measurement
RR2 = the resistance ratio at t2
ID = the inverse difference for the temperature which has the resistance ratio which is just greater than RR

Example: The ice point resistance of a thermometer is 25.51548 ohms. The resistance of the thermometer at some temperature is measured as 25.84327 ohms. What is the temperature? The resistance ratio is found as follows:

RR=RT/R0
25.84327 / 25.51548
RR = 1.01284671

The chart indicates this ratio lies between 3°C and 4°C. The inverse difference for 4°C is 251.0493, and the resistance ratio for 3°C is 1.01191728.
Substituting these values into equation yields:

t = t2 +[(RR - RR2) x ID]
t = 3°C+ (1.01284671 - 1.01191728 ) x 251.0493
3°C + (.00092943) x 251.0493
3°C + .2333327
or: t = 3. 2333327 °C

 SAMPLE PRT TABLE Ro = 25.51548 ohms Temp Resistance Ratio Inverse Difference 0°C .9999601 1°C 1.00394706 250.8190 2°C 1.00793278 250.8957 3°C 1.01191728 250.9725 4°C 1.01590056 251.0493 5°C 1.01988262 251.1263 6°C 1.02386346 251.2033 7°C 1.02784309 251.2796 8°C 1.03182152 251.3554 9°C 1.03579869 251.4351 10°C 1.03977467 251.5103

If the table is given in 1°C increments, the precision of the mathematical computations for determining the measurement temperatures using linear interpolation is .0001°C. This does not imply that the precision of the Platinum Resistance Thermometer is .0001°C. If the precision of the measuring instrument used to measure the thermometer resistance (Mueller bridge) is compatible to the thermometer, the uncertainty of the system is about 0.01°C.

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